To thicken gravy, mix flour or cornstarch with cold water to make a slurry, add it to the simmering gravy, and stir until desired thickness. Add more liquid or slurry as needed, and cook for a few more minutes to fully incorporate.

Understanding Gravy

What is gravy?

Gravy is a savory sauce made from meat juices, stock, and other flavorful ingredients. It’s typically thickened and used as a topping for various dishes like mashed potatoes, roast meats, and even biscuits. Gravy has a special place in many cuisines, adding depth and richness to any meal.

The importance of thickness

The thickness of gravy is essential for its mouthfeel and ability to coat the food it’s served with. Too thin, and it’ll run off the plate; too thick, and it may be too heavy or pasty. Achieving the perfect consistency is the key to a delicious, satisfying gravy.

Common Methods to Thicken Gravy

Using a roux

A roux is a classic thickening agent made from equal parts fat (usually butter) and flour, cooked together until a smooth paste forms.

The process of making a roux :

  1. Melt the butter in a saucepan over medium heat.
  2. Add an equal amount of flour, stirring constantly to avoid lumps.
  3. Cook the mixture for a few minutes until it reaches a pale golden color.
  4. Gradually whisk in the liquid (stock or meat juices) to form a smooth, thick sauce.
  5. Simmer until the desired consistency is reached.

Using a cornstarch slurry

A cornstarch slurry is a mixture of cornstarch and cold water, used to thicken sauces and gravies without the added fat of a roux.

The process of making a cornstarch slurry

  1. Combine equal parts cornstarch and cold water in a small bowl.
  2. Stir until a smooth, lump-free slurry forms.
  3. Slowly pour the slurry into the simmering gravy, whisking constantly.
  4. Cook the gravy for a few minutes until it thickens to your desired consistency.

Using a beurre manié

Beurre manié is a French technique that combines softened butter and flour to create a paste, which is then whisked into a sauce or gravy to thicken it.

The process of making a beurre manié :

  1. In a small bowl, combine equal parts softened butter and flour.
  2. Use your fingers or a fork to blend the ingredients together, forming a smooth paste.
  3. Add the beurre manié to the simmering gravy in small increments, whisking constantly.
  4. Cook the gravy for a few minutes until it reaches the desired thickness.

Additional Tips for Thickening Gravy

Adjusting consistency

If your gravy is too thin, continue cooking it over low heat to evaporate excess liquid. If it’s too thick, add more liquid (such as stock or water) gradually until the desired consistency is reached.

Enhancing flavor

A well-seasoned gravy can elevate any dish. Don’t be afraid to experiment with herbs, spices, and other flavorings like Worcestershire sauce or soy sauce. Taste the gravy as you go and adjust the seasoning as needed.

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Troubleshooting common issues

  • If your gravy is lumpy, try using a whisk to break up any clumps or strain the gravy through a fine-mesh sieve.
  • If the gravy has a floury taste, cook it for a few more minutes to eliminate the raw flour flavor.


Learning how to thicken gravy is essential for mastering the art of creating rich, delicious sauces. Whether you prefer the classic roux, the simple cornstarch slurry, or the luxurious beurre manié, these techniques will help you achieve the perfect consistency every time. Don’t forget to season your gravy well, and be prepared to troubleshoot any issues that may arise. With practice and patience, you’ll become a gravy-making expert in no time.


Can I thicken gravy with plain flour?

Yes, you can use plain flour to thicken gravy. Mix equal parts flour and cold water to make a slurry, and gradually add it to the simmering gravy while stirring until you reach the desired thickness.

How do you thicken gravy with flour?

To thicken gravy with flour, mix equal parts flour and cold water to make a slurry. Gradually add the slurry to the simmering gravy while stirring continuously until the desired thickness is achieved.

What to do if gravy is too thin?

If gravy is too thin, you can add a slurry made of flour or cornstarch and water in small increments until the desired thickness is achieved. Alternatively, you can simmer the gravy for a longer time to reduce it and thicken it naturally.

Can I thicken gravy without cornstarch?

Yes, you can thicken gravy without cornstarch by using flour, arrowroot, potato starch, or tapioca starch as alternatives.

Can we use Maida to thicken gravy?

Yes, Maida (all-purpose flour) can be used to thicken gravy. Follow the same method as using plain flour by making a slurry with cold water and gradually adding it to the simmering gravy while stirring continuously.

Is Corn flour a good thickener?

Yes, corn flour (cornstarch) is a good thickener for gravy. It’s a neutral-tasting, gluten-free, and quick thickener that doesn’t require much cooking time.

Should gravy be thick or runny?

The thickness of gravy is a matter of personal preference. Some people prefer it thick and others prefer it runny. However, the ideal consistency for gravy is a smooth, velvety texture that coats the back of a spoon.

Is gravy better with water or milk?

Gravy can be made with either water or milk, depending on the recipe and personal preference. Milk can add a creamier and richer texture to the gravy, while water is a more neutral option. It’s best to follow the recipe or experiment with both to find your preferred taste.

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